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You are now browsing the nursery’s’ indigenous tree section. For each species, you will find a short description of the tree. To find more specific details about the tree such as; the height, hardiness, flood or shade tolerance, wood characteristics and other information useful to landscaping professionals, farm and woodlot owners, click on the link to access the technical data sheet.
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Home / OUR TREES / Indigenous trees
Indigenous trees

Indigenous trees | New England

Did you know that indigenous trees play a vital role in regenerating wooded areas and stabilizing sloped terrain? To enrich your landscape with these powerful trees, call us at Nutcracker Nursery & Tree Farm.

The Value of Indigenous Trees

Now more than ever, we need to plant trees to produce more oxygen and improve our air quality. Indigenous trees make for a particularly powerful choice when it comes to enriching our soil and encouraging water retention.

With indigenous trees, you’ll be able to enhance your wooded areas, protect your plant life from wind and strengthen and stabilize your sloping landscape. At Nutcracker Nursery & Tree Farm, you’ll find a compelling range of indigenous species that happily grow in New England, Quebec and Western Canada. We’ll help you make the best choice for your terrain. Call us today!

“Promoting indigenous tree planting throughout Canada”

Our Indigenous Tree Selection

In addition to indigenous oaks, Nutcracker Nursery & Tree Farm carries a wonderful variety of trees that will yield immense benefits for the planet. Check out these classic and popular possibilities…

Do you want to enhance the beauty and condition of your landscape? Opt for indigenous trees! Call us!

“Enrich your soil and air quality with indigenous trees”

A discount will be automatically calculated if at least 25 items are ordered regardless of the type:
25 to 50 = 5%
51 to 75 = 10%
76 to 150 = 15%
151 to 350 = 20%
351 and more = 25%
Discount from 30% to 40% for large quantities... request a quote by email
 European  mountain-ash (Sorbus aucuparia)  European  mountain-ash (Sorbus aucuparia)
European mountain-ash (Sorbus aucuparia)

Culture Best grown in moist, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun. As the common name suggests, this is a tree of cool mountain climates that dislikes hot and humid summers, and will not grow well south . Noteworthy Characteristics Native to Europe and Asia, European mountain ash has been widely planted in... more

Culture Best grown in moist, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun. As the common name suggests, this is... more

Sizes:
 Siebold's Maple (Acer sieboldianum)  Siebold's Maple (Acer sieboldianum)
Siebold's Maple (Acer sieboldianum)

Acer sieboldianum (Siebold's Maple is a specie of maple native to Japan and common in the forests of Hokkaidō, Honshū, Shikoku and Kyūshū Islands; in the south of the range it is restricted to mountain forests. It is a slow-growing, small to medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 10–15 metres... more

Acer sieboldianum (Siebold's Maple is a specie of maple native to Japan and common in the forests... more

Not available

American Basswood 'Lincoln' tilia americana American Basswood 'Lincoln' tilia americana
American Basswood 'Lincoln' tilia americana

New for 2022

New for 2022

Not available

American Basswood, tillia americana American Basswood, tillia americana
American Basswood, tillia americana

Tilia americana is a specie of Tilia native to eastern North America. Tilia americana is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 18 to 37 m (60 to 120 ft) exceptionally 39 m (129 ft) with a trunk diameter of 1-1.5 m (3–4 ft) at maturity. The crown is domed, the branches spreading,... more

Tilia americana is a specie of Tilia native to eastern North America. Tilia americana is a... more

Sizes:
American Beech (fagus grandifolia) American Beech (fagus grandifolia)
American Beech (fagus grandifolia)

Fagus grandifolia (American beech or North American beech) is the species of beech tree native to the eastern United States and Canada from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario in southeastern Canada, west to Wisconsin and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida in the United States. F. grandifolia is believed to... more

Fagus grandifolia (American beech or North American beech) is the species of beech tree native to the... more

Not available

American cranberrybush viburnum, (viburnum trilobum) American cranberrybush viburnum, (viburnum trilobum)
American cranberrybush viburnum, (viburnum trilobum)

Viburnum trilobum ( American cranberrybush viburnum) , American cranberrybush is a specie of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and... more

Viburnum trilobum ( American cranberrybush viburnum) , American cranberrybush is a specie of Viburnum... more

Sizes:
American hophornbeam (ostrya virginiana) American hophornbeam (ostrya virginiana)
American hophornbeam (ostrya virginiana)

The American hophornbeam, is a species of Ostrya native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Manitoba and eastern Wyoming, southeast to northern Florida and southwest to eastern Texas. Populations from Mexico and Central America are also regarded as the same species, although some authors... more

The American hophornbeam, is a species of Ostrya native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to... more

Not available

American Hornbeam, (Carpinus caroliniana) American Hornbeam, (Carpinus caroliniana)
American Hornbeam, (Carpinus caroliniana)

Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam) is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus. It is a small tree reaching heights of 10–15 m, rarely 20 m, and often has a fluted and crooked trunk. The bark is smooth and greenish-grey, becoming shallowly fissured in all old trees. The leaves are alternate,... more

Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam) is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus. It is a small... more

Sizes:
American Mountain-ash (sorbus americana) American Mountain-ash (sorbus americana)
American Mountain-ash (sorbus americana)

The tree specie  Sorbus americana is commonly known as the American Mountain-ash. It is a deciduous perennial tree, native to eastern North America. Sorbus americana is a relatively small tree, reaching 40 feet (12 m) in height. Fruit: berry-like pome, globular, one-quarter of an inch across, bright red,... more

The tree specie  Sorbus americana is commonly known as the American Mountain-ash. It is a deciduous... more

Sizes:
Amur Maple (Acer ginnala) Amur Maple (Acer ginnala)
Amur Maple (Acer ginnala)

Acer ginnala (Amur maple) is a plant species with woody stems native to northeastern Asia from easternmost Mongolia east to Korea and Japan, and north to the Russian Far East in the Amur River valley. It is a small maple with deciduous leaves that is sometimes grown as a garden subject or boulevard tree. Acer... more

Acer ginnala (Amur maple) is a plant species with woody stems native to northeastern Asia from easternmost... more

Sizes:
Arrowwood viburnum (viburnum dentatum) Arrowwood viburnum (viburnum dentatum)
Arrowwood viburnum (viburnum dentatum)

The arrowwood viburnum is native from New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to Georgia. The name arrowwood comes from Native Americans using the strong shoots which developed from the roots for the shafts of their arrows. The arrowwood viburnum can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. This is a flowering... more

The arrowwood viburnum is native from New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to Georgia. The name arrowwood comes... more

Not available

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)
Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

This 10-22 m tall tree has flattened needles on both sides of the branch. They are 3 to 4 cm long, hard to roll between thumb and forefinger, and have two white lines on their underside. Young fir trees have smooth, grayish bark dotted with prominent resin vesicles. The bark becomes cracked and brownish in older... more

This 10-22 m tall tree has flattened needles on both sides of the branch. They are 3 to 4 cm long, hard to... more

Sizes:
Black Locust, Robinia Pseudoacacia Black Locust, Robinia Pseudoacacia
Black Locust, Robinia Pseudoacacia

Robinia pseudoacacia , commonly known as the black locust, is a tree of the genus Robinia of the pea family Fabaceae. It is native to the southeastern United States, but has been widely planted and naturalized elsewhere in temperate North America, Europe, Southern Africa and Asia and is considered an invasive... more

Robinia pseudoacacia , commonly known as the black locust, is a tree of the genus Robinia of the pea family... more

Sizes:
Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

It is a very slow growing tree, hardiness zone 4a. The eastern hemlock is a hardy species, native to Quebec. It is not recommended to put them in heavy soils and windy places. It is not recommended to put them in heavy soils and windy areas, but rather in soils with an acidic pH that are both moist and well drained.

It is a very slow growing tree, hardiness zone 4a. The eastern hemlock is a hardy species, native to Quebec.... more

Sizes:
Eastern larch, Larix laricina Eastern larch, Larix laricina
Eastern larch, Larix laricina

NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Larix laricina, commonly known as the tamarack, eastern larch, black larch, red larch or American larch, is a species of larch native to Canada, from eastern Yukon and Inuvik, Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland, and... more

NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Larix laricina,... more

Sizes:
Eastern White pine, Pinus strobus Eastern White pine, Pinus strobus
Eastern White pine, Pinus strobus

Pinus strobus , commonly known as the eastern white pine is a large pine native to eastern North America. Pinus strobus is found in the Nearctic Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Biome of eastern North America. It prefers well-drained soil and cool, humid climates, but can also grow in boggy areas and rocky... more

Pinus strobus , commonly known as the eastern white pine is a large pine native to eastern North America. ... more

Not available

Elm Ulmus americana
Elm Ulmus americana "Princeton"

Large, flared tree with thick-textured, green, oval leaves. Deeply fissured bark. Yellow autumn color. Good disease resistance and fast-growing. Pruning: When leaves are half developed. Hardiness zone: 4 Exposure: Sun, part shade.

Large, flared tree with thick-textured, green, oval leaves. Deeply fissured bark. Yellow autumn color. Good... more

Not available

European beech, (fagus sylvatica) European beech, (fagus sylvatica)
European beech, (fagus sylvatica)

Fagus sylvatica , the European beech or common beech, is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae. It is a large tree, capable of reaching heights of up to 50 m (160 ft) tall in Europe and 3 m (9.8 ft) trunk diameter, though more typically 25–35 m (82–115 ft) tall and up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft)... more

Fagus sylvatica , the European beech or common beech, is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family... more

Sizes:
Grey birch (acer populifolia) Grey birch (acer populifolia)
Grey birch (acer populifolia)

The grey birch is a tree native to Quebec.  Height - Up to 12 m Diameter - Up to 15 cm Maximum age - 50 years old Planting advice - Humidity: Withstands all degrees of humidity - Shade: Needs full sun - Soil: well drained soils, but tolerates wet soils. - This species prefers sunny environments... more

The grey birch is a tree native to Quebec.  Height - Up to 12 m Diameter - Up to 15 cm ... more

Not available

Hackberry, celtis occidentalis Hackberry, celtis occidentalis
Hackberry, celtis occidentalis

The common hackberry is a 60-100 ft. deciduous tree, varying greatly in response to habitat. The broad crown is often erratic in shape. Tree with rounded crown of spreading or slightly drooping branches, often deformed as bushy growths called witches’-brooms. Older bark is covered with conspicuous, corky... more

The common hackberry is a 60-100 ft. deciduous tree, varying greatly in response to habitat. The broad crown... more

Sizes:
Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium) Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)
Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

Not available

Nannyberry, Sheepberry, or Sweet Viburnum (Viburnum lentago) Nannyberry, Sheepberry, or Sweet Viburnum (Viburnum lentago)
Nannyberry, Sheepberry, or Sweet Viburnum (Viburnum lentago)

Viburnum lentago (nannyberry, sheepberry, or sweet viburnum) is a species of Viburnum native to the northeastern and midwestern United States, and in southern Canada from New Brunswick west to southeastern Saskatchewan. Isolated populations are found in the Dakotas, Wyoming, Colorado, and the Appalachian Mountains as... more

Viburnum lentago (nannyberry, sheepberry, or sweet viburnum) is a species of Viburnum native to the... more

Sizes:
Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

Cornus alternifolia is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to southern Manitoba and Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and Mississippi. It is rare in the southern United States. It is commonly known as green osier,... more

Cornus alternifolia is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to eastern North... more

Not available

Red maple (acer rubrum) Red maple (acer rubrum)
Red maple (acer rubrum)

NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Acer rubrum (Red Maple, also known as Swamp, Water or Soft Maple), is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America. The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most common... more

NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Acer rubrum... more

Sizes:
Red spruce (Picea rubens) Red spruce (Picea rubens)
Red spruce (Picea rubens)

Picea rubens, commonly known as red spruce, is a species of spruce native to eastern North America, ranging from eastern Quebec to Nova Scotia, and from New England south in the Adirondack Mountains and Appalachians to western North Carolina.This species is also known as yellow spruce, West Virginia spruce, eastern... more

Picea rubens, commonly known as red spruce, is a species of spruce native to eastern North America, ranging... more

Not available

Rock elm, (ulmus thomasii) Rock elm, (ulmus thomasii)
Rock elm, (ulmus thomasii)

Ulmus thomasii , the Rock Elm or cork elm, is a deciduous tree native primarily to the Midwestern United States. The tree ranges from southern Ontario and Quebec in Canada. The tree was named in 1902 for David Thomas, an American civil engineer who had first named and described the tree in 1831 as Ulmus racemosa .... more

Ulmus thomasii , the Rock Elm or cork elm, is a deciduous tree native primarily to the Midwestern United... more

Not available

Silver maple, (Acer saccharinum) Silver maple, (Acer saccharinum)
Silver maple, (Acer saccharinum)

Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple,soft maple, water maple,swamp maple, or white maple is a species of maple native to eastern and central North America in the eastern United States and Canada. It is one of the most common trees in the United States. The silver maple tree... more

Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple,soft maple, water... more

Not available

Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum

Acer saccharum (sugar maple or rock maple) is a specie of maple native to the hardwood forests of southeastern Canada and northeastern USA . Sugar maple is best known for its bright fall foliage and for being the primary source of maple syrup. It is a deciduous tree normally reaching heights of 25–35 m... more

Acer saccharum (sugar maple or rock maple) is a specie of maple native to the hardwood forests of... more

Sizes:
Sweetbriar rose, or eglantine (Rosa rubiginosa) Sweetbriar rose, or eglantine (Rosa rubiginosa)
Sweetbriar rose, or eglantine (Rosa rubiginosa)

Sweet briar, sweetbriar rose, sweet brier or eglantine is a species of rose native to Europe and western Asia. It is a dense deciduous shrub 2–3 m high and across, with the stems bearing numerous hooked prickles. The foliage has a strong apple-like fragrance. The leaves are pinnate, 5–9 cm long,... more

Sweet briar, sweetbriar rose, sweet brier or eglantine is a species of rose native to Europe and western... more

Not available

Sylverbell, halesia carolina Sylverbell, halesia carolina
Sylverbell, halesia carolina

Halesia, also known as silverbell or snowdrop tree, is a small genus of four or five species of deciduous large shrubs or small trees in the family Styracaceae. They are native to eastern Asia (southeast China) and eastern North America (southern Ontario, Canada south through Florida and eastern Texas, United... more

Halesia, also known as silverbell or snowdrop tree, is a small genus of four or five species of deciduous... more

Not available

Vernal witchhazel
Vernal witchhazel

Culture Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best flowering is in full sun. Prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils. Consistent moisture is best (leaf scorch may occur during periods of summer drought). Shrubs have some tolerance for clay soils as long as... more

Culture Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best... more

Not available

Viburnum chicago lustre (Viburnum dentata) Viburnum chicago lustre (Viburnum dentata)
Viburnum chicago lustre (Viburnum dentata)

A selection introduced by Synnestvedt Nursery of Illinois in 1967, originally found in the collections of the Morton Arboretum.  Foliage is a glossy, lustrous green, hence its name.  Matures at 10-12' tall and 8-10' wide.  Flowers and fruit of the species.  Authors note: the foliage on... more

A selection introduced by Synnestvedt Nursery of Illinois in 1967, originally found in the collections of... more

Not available

White birch (Betula papyrifera) White birch (Betula papyrifera)
White birch (Betula papyrifera)

The White Birch is a small to medium sized deciduous tree which grows to 70 or 80 feet in height. As far as trees go it doesn't live very long, only about 140 years. Small hear-shaped leaves are found at the ends of drooping twigs and branches. The paper birch has both male and female flowers called catkins.... more

The White Birch is a small to medium sized deciduous tree which grows to 70 or 80 feet in height. As far as... more

Sizes:
Winterberry, Ilex verticillata Winterberry, Ilex verticillata
Winterberry, Ilex verticillata

NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Ilex verticillata , the winterberry, is a specie of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama. Other names... more

NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Ilex... more

Sizes:
Witch hazel X Intermedia Jelena hamamelis
Witch hazel X Intermedia Jelena hamamelis

Zone 5 culture Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best flowering is in full sun. Prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils. Consistent moisture is best (leaf scorch may occur during periods of summer drought). Shrubs have some tolerance for clay soils as... more

Zone 5 culture Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.... more

Not available

Witch Hazel, (Hamamelis virginana) Witch Hazel, (Hamamelis virginana)
Witch Hazel, (Hamamelis virginana)

PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best flowering in full sun. Prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils. Tolerates heavy clay soils. Promptly remove suckers to... more

PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY IN THE FIELD, SO DELIVERY WILL BE IN AUTUMN 2023. Easily... more

Sizes:
witherod viburnum wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides) witherod viburnum wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides)
witherod viburnum wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides)

Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist loams, but tolerates a wide range of soils including boggy ones. For best cross-pollination and subsequent fruit display, plant shrubs in groups rather than as single specimens. Prune as needed in late fall or early... more

Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist loams,... more

Sizes:
Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis
Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis

Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch, also known as golden birch), is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. The name "yellow birch" reflects the color of the tree's bark. The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. ... more

Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch, also known as golden birch), is a large and important lumber species of... more

Sizes:
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