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  • For better results, orders placed during the summer will be delivered in the fall
  • For better results, orders placed during the summer will be delivered in the fall

Northern pin Oak, Quercus Ellipsoidalis

Regular price $4.50

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Quercus ellipsoidalis, northern pin oak or Hill's oak, is a North American species of trees native to the north-central United States and south-central Canada, primarily in the Great Lakes region and the Upper Mississippi Valley. It occurs on moist, clay soils. It is hardy to canadian zone 4b-5a. Although the common name suggests an resemblance to the pin oak (Q. palustris), Q. ellipsoidalis has traditionally been thought to be closely related to the scarlet oak (Q. coccinea), and was in fact included in that species by many botanists. Recent work suggests that there is more gene flow between Hill's oak and black oak Q. velutina, but the phylogenetic position of these species is still uncertain. The morphological similarity between Q. ellipsoidalis and Q. coccinea remains a source of confusion, especially in northwestern Indiana and southern Cook County, Illinois.

Quercus ellipsoidalis is a medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 20 meters (67 feet) tall with an open, rounded crown. The leaves are glossy green, 7-13 cm (2.8-5.2 inches) long and 5-10 cm (2-4 inches) broad, lobed, with five or seven lobes, and deep sinuses between the lobes. Each lobe has 3-7 bristle-tipped teeth. The leaf is nearly hairless, except for small tufts of pale orange-brown down where the lobe veins join the central vein. The acorns tend to be ellipsoid (ellipse-shaped, from which its scientific name derives), though they tend to be highly variable and range to globose, 6-11 mm long and 10-19 mm broad, a third to a half covered in a deep cup, green maturing pale brown about 18 months after pollination; the kernel is very bitter. The inner surface of the acorn cap is glabrous (hairless) to sparsely or moderately pubescent, and the hairs if present tend to be kinky rather than straight.

Hardiness Zones

  • 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Specific port

  • Conical

Growth speed

  • Moderate

Flowering period

  • May

Number of years for production

16 to 20 years

Harvest month

  • October


  • Full-sun
  • Half-shade

IMPORTANT: We do not deliver trees 7' and over! (Nursery pickup only)

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